|20 October 2021||Research||Somalia||Full Time||Oxform|
Terms of Reference Integrated Rapid Needs Assessment in Somaliland/Somalia
Nearly 3.5 million people across Somalia are expected to face food consumption gaps or depletion of livelihood assets indicative of Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes through the end of the year, in the absence of humanitarian assistance. The key drivers of acute food insecurity in Somalia include the combined effects of poor and erratic rainfall distribution, flooding and conflict. Moreover, approximately 1.2 million children under the age of five are likely to be acutely malnourished, including nearly 213,400 who are likely to be severely malnourished. It is likely that sustained, large-scale humanitarian food assistance and government support since January 2021 have mitigated the magnitude and severity of food insecurity. Despite minimal damage in early to mid-2021, Desert Locust will continue to pose a serious risk to both pasture availability and crop production across Somalia. Available forecasts indicate an increased likelihood of below-average rainfall during the 2021 Deyr (October-December) season across most of the country, which would adversely affect food security and nutrition outcomes.
From October to December 2021, food insecurity is expected to further deteriorate among poor rural, urban, and displaced populations due to the impacts of anticipated below-average 2021 Deyr (October-December) season rainfall, continued insecurity and other food security related risk factors, including rising food prices and cost of living, declining availability of milk for both consumption and sale, and a likely reduction in agricultural employment opportunities during the forthcoming Deyr season. Without sustained humanitarian food assistance, 3.5 million people across Somalia are expected to face Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or worse outcomes between October and December 2021.
To provide a detailed mapping of the current humanitarian needs and crisis affected populations in South-Central, Puntland and Somaliland in terms of WASH, FSL and Protection related issues. The technical assessment will serve to generate a comparative analysis that informs the selection and identification of the most critical villages/sites in terms of need for assistance.
The assessment will employ both quantitative and qualitative methods. This will allow to provide in-depth/broader understanding of the current situation of the affected communities. The criteria for selecting sites will depend largely on the context, hence, target villages for the assessment will be selected based on the latest FSNAU reports. In addition, the assessment will also consider severity of drought impact, pre-existing vulnerabilities, geographical remoteness, population density (high presence of IDPs), no other humanitarian actors (delivering same intervention) is operating, etc.
Sampling will be primarily purposive with quotas for each population group, meaning that findings will be indicative and all various interviews of the assessment will be purposively conducted with fully informed community members such as heads of households from both host community and internally displaced persons (IDPs), community leaders, villages committees, government representatives etc.
The assessment data collection tools should cover more in depth to the main programmatic themes including WaSH, FSL and gender and protection. However, a topline of the key questions and priorities required for the assessment to meet will be as follows:
Oxfam MEAL Coordinator will review and approve of the following deliverables:
The Needs Assessment will be expected to be carried out in South-Central Somalia, Puntland and Somaliland. Tentatively, this assignment is expected to be completed within 25 working days.
The lead consultant/consultancy firm of the assessment should have:
Applicants should submit an EOI to SOM-Consultancies@oxfam.org latest on 20th October with the following;
Shortlisted applicants will be invited to an interview.